1 cup (250 ml) flour
1/2 cup (125 ml) salt
2 teaspoons (10 ml) cream of tartar
1 cup (250 ml) water
1 tablespoon (15 ml) oil
Double boiler pan
Closed plastic container with lid
1/3 teaspoon (1-2 ml) flavoring: mint for green color, orange for orange color, almond for yellow color, cinnamon oil for red color, vanilla for no color at all, optional
Instructions:This recipe is always soft and pliable. It makes a small amount of playdough for home use or triple the recipe for the classroom (that makes a 5" or 12.5 cm ball). If you make this recipe with the children, take proper precautions when you cook the dough. If a child tastes the playdough, it will taste salty but it will not harm him.
1. Let the children put the ingredients in the pan. For example, divide the 3 cups of flour for a triple recipe into 1/4 cup (60 ml) amounts so each child can add one ingredient.
2. Mix the dry ingredients. Add oil, water and food coloring.
3. Put this mixture in the double boiler pan over hot water.
4. Cook and stir constantly for 3 minutes, until the mixture comes away from the sides of the pan.
5. Scrape the dough out of the pan with the butter knife.
6. After the playdough is cooked and partially cooled, let each child have a turn kneading it.
7. Put the ball of playdough on wax paper. Knead while warm, and then store it in an airtight container.
More to do
Art: Use playdough in craft projects to create a base to hold pipe cleaner flower stems. * Make copies of the playdough recipe to send home and let each child take a small ball of playdough home as a gift. * You can combine this recipe with other favorite classroom recipes as a gift for Mom and Dad. Each child can design her own recipe book cover.
Dramatic Play: Put playdough in the kitchen area to be used by four to six children during free play.
Fine motor: Give each child in the group a small amount of playdough and show them how to roll it into a long snake shape. Encourage children to make the shape of letters or numbers. * Encourage the children to make three-dimensional fruit and vegetable shapes, such as a banana, apple, bunch of grapes, watermelon slice, carrots, potato, peas, string beans or an onion. Use the pretend food in the dramatic play center.
Math: Teach liquid measurement and dry measurement of ingredients. How many 1/4 cups equals 1 cup? How many 1/3 cups equal 1 cup. * Ask the children to make playdough balls of various sizes, then sort in them a row showing the gradual gradation of size, largest to smallest. Mix them up, then try doing smallest to largest. * Put different size playdough balls on a balance scale. When does the scale balance? When does it tip to one side? Why? * Take a walk and pick up leaves of various sizes and shapes. Back in the classroom, trace around the leaf and cut out a playdough cookie leaf.
More science: Give the children a box containing a comb, a screw, a large washer, a carved wooden or plastic building block, a large paper clip, puzzle piece, a piece each of plastic and canvas, a potato scrubber and any other safe object that has texture. You can also add several dull, sturdy plastic dinner knives for cutting the playdough and several plastic trays. Let the children experiment with the objects, using them to make shapes in the soft playdough. You can also add small wooden rolling pins and a spatula. * Leave a small amount of playdough out for a day. What causes the crust to form? Leave it out for a week and discuss how it feels now. Could it be made into a new shape now? * Compare the playdough recipe with another similar recipe such as cookie dough, bread dough or Christmas ornament dough. Which ingredients are the same and which are different?
I Like to Play With Playdough
I like to play with playdough
And roll it in a ball.
Then poke it, push it, and pat it
And make anything at all.
Sometimes I make some cookies
And put them on a tray.
Other times I design a snowman
That does not melt away.
Now I'll make some numbers,
My favorite one is three.
Please come to the table
And make something with me.